Women of Toubou ethnicity.
Toubou people live mostly in Chad, Niger and southern Libya where they are a minority and, under Gaddafi’s rule, suffered high rates of discrimination where those living in Libya where stripped of their citizenship by Gaddafi who claimed they were not Libyans, but Chadians. They were also denied access to resources such as healthcare and education by local authorities in Libya.
During the Libyan revolution of 2011, the Toubou sided with anti-Gaddafi forces, and in 2012, they clashed and fought against Arab fighters in the southern city of Sabha, Libya. Toubou leaders and activists have spoken out about these tensions saying that the persecution Toubou people face is a form of ‘ethnic cleansing’.